2020-2021 Program Summary

As it continues to be the world’s premier agricultural aviation education program, the 2020-2021 PAASS Program will present the module topics outlined below.
The 2020-2021 PAASS program will be different than previous year’s programs. PAASS will still be four hours in length and focus on the two major goals of PAASS: to reduce agricultural aviation accidents and drift incidents. The important topics of airfield security and a review of the 2020 ag accidents will also be covered. Instead of having four separate modules however, the 2020-2021 PAASS program will focus on the psyche of individuals who make decisions that could endanger themselves, their careers, and the professional reputation of the agricultural aviation industry. Risky behaviors can affect all aspects of the industry, and thus will be treated as a single over-arching subject that aerial application operators, pilots and crew need to be mindful of and on the watch for to prevent aviation accidents, environmental breaches and security compromises.
PAASS has sought the expertise of a psychiatrist familiar with aviation to help delve into the psychiatry behind certain behaviors in people that might compromise the professionalism of the agricultural aviation industry. He will help PAASS participants learn how to identify individuals who might behave in a manner that leads to negative consequences. In addition to recognizing certain behaviors, PAASS will provide insight if certain behaviors can be changed, and if so how. 
Incidents will be used to help frame the discussion with our psychiatrist. When operators purchase larger, turbine powered aircraft, this might impact their decision making when it comes to selecting work and the weather conditions under which they are willing to work, thus increasing the chances of a misapplication. Some individuals negatively impact the industry’s insurance costs by relying on their insurance to handle drift incidents instead of doing more to reduce drift itself. Understanding these conditions and people’s thought process might help in convincing individuals that meet this profile to find other ways to reduce drift such as using different nozzles and shortening the booms.
PAASS has helped educate the industry numerous times over the years on how to turn safely. Some pilots continue to turn in an unsafe manner despite knowing the risks, and often end up in a fatal accident. Our psychiatric expert will help us understand why some individuals take these risks, and how we as an industry might be able to recognize and change this behavior. Another fatal accident that will be discussed involved a pilot spraying in foggy weather despite having had an accident in fog earlier in his career. Flying in fog can lead to both an accident and drift, as fog often occurs during a temperature inversion. PAASS will discuss what makes a person continue to take unnecessary risks despite already having experienced a negative outcome. 
To help guide the discussions, the FAA’s five hazardous attitudes will be used. These include anti-authority, impulsivity, invulnerability, egotism, and resignation. Attendees will learn how these attitudes impact the decisions made by people who exhibit them. Identifying and mitigating risky behaviors can help augment operational security and reduce agricultural aviation accidents and drift incidents. As always in PAASS, ample time will be allowed during the entire program for attendee discussions and sharing of experiences involving issues and practices related to their own ag operations.